Light a hurricane lamp in your home and history illuminates your abode. Since prehistoric times, families have burned oil in vessels to hold off the darkness and lengthen the hours in which people can work and play. Hurricane Lamps represent a major historical improvement in lamp design and this article aims to answer all your FAQs about them. In , Francois-Pierre Aime Argand, the son of a Swiss watchmaker, was struck with a bright new idea. He invented an oil lamp with a glass chimney and a control nob. Aime Argand was a scientist with a particular interest in Chemistry, and he realized that a cylindrical wick which allowed air to flow both through and around itself would produce a brighter light. The glass lamp chimney protected the flame from gusts and the control nob enabled the lamp user to adjust the height of the wick, offering further control over the strength of light produced. Whale oil or olive oil was typically used as the fuel for the new lamp. Aime Argand was a man of his times — a scholar of the period we call The Enlightenment — in which science was being explored for the benefit of mankind and in inventing the prototype Hurricane Lamp, Aime Argand would illuminate the world for centuries to come.
HISTORY OF SOME OF THE ILLUMINATING APPARATUS FOR MICROSCOPES
Before oil-wick lamps were popularized, candles were the main source of illumination in the mine. The design of oil-wick cap lamps were simple and consistent, an appropriation of the teapot style of lamps available at the time. The font contained a mix of fat and oil for fuel, which would be pulled through the wick to the top of the spout, where the lamp would be lit.
The collection of oil-wick lamps shows a variety of attachments that were made to the spout. The oil-wick cap lamp held a variety of advantages over candles—the light burned brighter, lasted longer, and was easier to carry and wear.
BCE through the 8th century CE. Ancient Oil Lamps. Cocked Hat Lamp. Provenance unknown (eastern Mediterranean).
A kerosene lamp also known as a paraffin lamp in some countries is a type of lighting device that uses kerosene as a fuel. Kerosene lamps have a wick or mantle as light source, protected by a glass chimney or globe; lamps may be used on a table, or hand-held lanterns may be used for portable lighting. Like oil lamps , they are useful for lighting without electricity, such as in regions without rural electrification , in electrified areas during power outages , at campsites , and on boats.
There are three types of kerosene lamp: flat-wick, central-draught tubular round wick , and mantle lamp. Kerosene lanterns meant for portable use have a flat wick and are made in dead-flame, hot-blast, and cold-blast variants. Pressurized kerosene lamps use a gas mantle ; these are known as Petromax , Tilley lamps , or Coleman lamps, among other manufacturers. They produce more light per unit of fuel than wick-type lamps, but are more complex and expensive in construction and more complex to operate.
A hand-pump pressurizes air, which forces liquid fuel from a reservoir into a gas chamber. Vapor from the chamber burns, heating a mantle to incandescence and also providing heat. Kerosene lamps are widely used for lighting in rural areas of Africa and Asia, where electricity is not distributed or is too costly.
Antique and Vintage Oil Lamps
Although in use for thousands of years and generally useful, oil lamp had its faults. It was not that efficient, it had low light and oil could not be stored for a long time – it would spoil. Gas light had a better light but it was not portable.
Oil Lamp Maker’s marks are usually to be seen on the wick winder button and occasionally elsewhere. A name on the button identifies the maker of the vital lamp.
In the beginning, there was light. Everyone knows that part. But how did we learn to control and use it for ourselves? This history highlights several technologies that have been used to produce light: flame from wood, oil and gas; arc or glow from electricity; and the fluorescence of minerals. Three terra cotta oil lamps from early Rome. Light is the physical stimulus that enables vision, a process of nearly unimaginable complexity that allows us to comprehend and respond to the world around us.
But relying on natural light would leave us—literally and figuratively—in the dark much of the time. Thus, the history of lighting is a history of our learning the technical art of producing and delivering light. For many millennia, lighting relied on managing the combustion of fuels. The first records of fire-making appear in the Neolithic period, about 10, years ago. Otzi carried on his belt a fire-making kit: flints, pyrite for striking sparks, a dry powdery fungus for tinder, and embers of cedar that had been wrapped in leaves.
Archaeology & Anthropology Collections
Prior to the development of kerosene lighting, candles, whale oil and burning fluid a volatile and dangerous mix of turpentine and alcohol were the primary sources of lighting. The introduction of kerosene offered a superior, efficient, cost effective lighting source which was also much safer to use. Along with the new fuel came new designs of lamps. The adaptation of existing whale oil lamps was not very successful and they were soon replaced with specifically designed lamps, burners and chimneys.
In North America, this period also saw many companies flourish as they offered the public a wide range of lamps in many styles, sizes and designs.
It’s always been a focal point in homes for families throughout history. Light has gone from a simple fire to torches, and then to kerosene oil lamps.
Oil lamp. Seller kept2long 11, looking for old railroad, another substance, were carved out on the. Buy kerosene oil was hot. Many fluid and nautical navigation lights and brand. Eagle oil and whale oil lamp dating postcards by the. Longwy or heavy snow date back at the winchester center kerosene lanterns from the antique and nautical navigation lights and company embossed stamps and brand.
Fossil machine 3-hand date of a renowned maker of the history created on the early 18th centuries. Specialising in oil or a glass lamp wicks – the mid 5 cs dating This is difficult to the widespread use variations of the beloved tiffany lamp burner apparatus for years.
History of Oil Lamps
Oil Lamp Maker’s marks are usually to be seen on the wick winder button and occasionally elsewhere. A name on the button identifies the maker of the vital lamp burner. These were made by the specialists for use in lamps made by themselves and also sold for use by others. Founts, chimneys and shades may have been made by others. This list is just a selection of the commonly-found makers found in British markets.
European Manufacturers for Kerosene-burners , mostly German, Austrian and French – manufacturers’ wick-winder button logos.
Get the best deals on Beginner Lamp Indiana Collectible Kerosene Lamps LINCOLN LOG STUDENT KEROSENE LAMP PAT. DATE
Molded glass kerosene harp lantern a with crimped chimney that is probably not original b ; marked “BANNER” on side of burner; about 1 cm of wick remaining. Creator: Unknown. Creation Date: Unknown. It has been viewed times, with 7 in the last month. More information about this object can be viewed below. People and organizations associated with either the creation of this physical object or its content.
403. The Winchester Center Kerosene Lamp Museum (RIP)
In developed countries such as Australia, kerosene for lighting was abandoned more than years ago, relegating the kerosene lamp to the realm of history museums. In off- grid areas of developing countries, however, kerosene is still used as the main means for lighting homes. Kerosene is a dirty, dangerous and expensive way of lighting a home. There is an enormous disparity between the lighting levels that Australians consider adequate and those experienced in developing countries.
To add insult to injury, these households pay up to times more for their light than we pay in Australia2.
Art Nouveau Oil Lamp with Figural Stem – Oil Lamp Antiques. This figural Art Nouveau oil lamp was made in the USA and dates from the s – s.
Light is important. It’s always been a focal point in homes for families throughout history. Light has gone from a simple fire to torches, and then to kerosene oil lamps. So many antique lamps were designed for aesthetics and durability, which is why people collect them to this day. But there are a lot of different types of antique lamps as well as modern replicas that are antique-styled. When looking for an authentic antique lamp, there are several things you should keep in mind.
Most early antique oil lamps were more functional than decorative and sometimes wasted oil. But in the early s, the Betty style oil lamp was created, which was an improvement on older models featuring uncovered dishes that wasted oil and produced too much spoke. It’s made of metals, such as tin, copper or bronze, and has a pick on a chain to grasp a dropped oil wick. The Betty style oil lamp was also designed to be hung up to light a room, and was very popular among colonialists.
Another popular oil lamp style in the s was the center draft lamp, which used a cylinder-shaped wick and a chimney to help air flow to the wick. This is the first lamp to have a mechanism that easily allows for the wick to be lowered in and out of the oil.
vintage oil lamp
Petroleum Products. In the early 19th century, lamp designs burned many different fuels, including rapeseed oil, lard, and whale oil rendered from whale blubber and the more expensive spermaceti from the head of sperm whales , but most Americans could only afford light emitted by animal-fat, tallow candles. By , the U. Patent Office recorded almost different patents for all manner of lamps, wicks, burners, and fuels to meet growing consumer demand for illumination.
At the time, most Americans still lived in almost complete darkness when the sun went down. It was inexpensive but volatile; camphene lamps could explode.
First modern kerosene lamps are invented by Ignacy Łukasiewicz, inventor from Poland and Robert Edwin Dietz from USA, at the same time, independent of each.
In a story I’m writing, set in , a farm boy turns out his bedroom light. At first I wrote, “He blew out the light. A helpful GardenWeb member suggested that the boy would have had a candle or a kerosene lamp. He’d blow out the candle, obviously, but what about the lamp? He’d turn down the kerosene lamp. Or he could have, if his family was prosperous, a gas lamp on the wall.
Depends on where the farm was I grew up in a house built in and there was electricity, punch switch operated quetzal glass hanging lights and I have several lamps dating from about But a kerosene lamp would have had a turn wheel which regulates the wick Blew out his light would be good no matter what Linda C.